Attenborough’s fan-throated lizard (Sitana attenboroughii) is a species of fan-throated lizard that lives in southwestern India, initially discovered in the coastal state of Kerala.
A team of Indian researchers uncovered the striking lizard in open ground patches in 2018, subsequently publishing their findings in January 2018’s issue of Zootaxa. They named the lizard after natural historian David Attenborough.
The Attenborough’s fan-throated lizard males flaunt their colorful dewlaps — loose red and blue skin on their necks — to woo potential mates during mating season. The males also expand their fan-structured throats to ward off rivals encroaching on their territory — watch two having a fight. Females, meanwhile, have smaller white-colored dewlaps.
There are 15 different species of fan-throated lizards, with the Attenborough’s fan-throated lizard the most recently discovered. Indian herpetologists discovered the smaller lighter-colored Sitana devakai fan-throated lizard in 2005.
|Species Name||Found In||Unique Features|
|Sitana attenboroughii||Kerala, India||Vibrant blue throat fan, named after Sir David Attenborough.|
|Sitana ponticeriana||India, Sri Lanka||Dark spots on the fan, prevalent in dry regions.|
|Sitana devakai||India||Smaller size, lighter coloration.|
|Sitana sivalensis||Nepal, India||Larger throat fan compared to other species.|
|Sitana fusca||India||Drab-colored throat fan.|
|Sitana schleichi||India||Similar to Sitana fusca but distinct in scaling.|
|Sitana spinaecephalus||India||Recognizable by its spiny head crest.|
|Sitana laticeps||India||Characterized by its broad head.|